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Power Purchase Agreement Accounting Ifrs

Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) Accounting under IFRS

The energy market is constantly evolving, and renewable energy sources like wind and solar power are becoming increasingly popular. To finance these projects, companies often enter into Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) with buyers to sell the energy generated from these sources. However, accounting for PPAs under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) can be complex due to the unique nature of these contracts.

What is a Power Purchase Agreement?

A Power Purchase Agreement is a contract between a renewable energy producer and a buyer, often a utility company or corporation, where the producer agrees to sell electricity at a predetermined price over a fixed period. PPAs are used to finance renewable energy projects and provide a long-term revenue stream for the producer. These agreements may contain complex provisions such as performance guarantees, production thresholds, and penalties for non-compliance.

IFRS Accounting for PPAs

IFRS 15, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, provides guidance on how to recognize revenue from contracts with customers, including PPAs. The standard requires companies to apply a five-step model to recognize revenue from a contract. These steps are:

1. Identify the contract: A contract is identified if it meets the specified criteria in IFRS 15.

2. Identify the performance obligations: A performance obligation is a promise to transfer goods or services to the customer. For PPAs, the performance obligation is the transfer of electricity over a fixed period.

3. Determine the transaction price: The transaction price is the amount of consideration that a company expects to receive in exchange for transferring goods or services to a customer. For PPAs, the transaction price is the fixed price agreed upon in the contract.

4. Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations: The transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. For PPAs, the allocation is based on the fixed price per unit of electricity.

5. Recognize revenue when the performance obligation is satisfied: Revenue is recognized when the performance obligation is satisfied, or the electricity is transferred to the buyer. For PPAs, revenue is recognized over the contract period as electricity is generated and transferred to the buyer.

IFRS also requires companies to disclose the significant judgments and estimates made in applying the revenue recognition model. The disclosures should include information on the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from PPAs.


PPAs are an essential tool for renewable energy producers to finance their projects and provide steady revenue streams. Accounting for PPAs under IFRS requires companies to apply a five-step model to recognize revenue from a contract. Understanding the unique nature of PPAs and the requirements of IFRS 15 is crucial to ensure accurate financial reporting and compliance with accounting standards.

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